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Asthenia is a psychopathological disorder, characterized by rapid fatigue, weakness, sleep disturbances, and hypersthesia. The danger of this pathology is that it is the initial stage in the development of mental disorders and more complex psychopathological processes. It is also not unimportant that asthenia is considered to be a very common pathology that occurs in psychiatric, neurological and general medical practice. Some people with asthenia are helped by this drug:

Asthenia usually accompanies many infectious diseases (influenza, acute respiratory infections, tuberculosis, viral hepatitis), somatic pathologies (ulcer disease, acute and chronic gastritis, pneumonia, hypertension, arrhythmia), posttraumatic, postnatal and postoperative periods. Therefore, it is found in the practice of various specialists: neurologists, gastroenterologists, cardiologists, surgeons, traumatologists, psychiatrists. Usually it acts as one of the early symptoms of a major disease that begins to develop in the body.

Asthenia should be distinguished from feelings of fatigue caused by changing time zones, failure to comply with work and rest patterns, mental overexertion. Asthenia differs from fatigue caused by these causes in that it does not manifest itself after the patient has rested.

Causes of asthenia
Studies have found that asthenia can be caused by many social factors. Namely, such factors include various life difficulties and circumstances, frequent stress, chronic diseases. All these problems affect not only the psychological health of the person, but sooner or later lead to asthenia.

It is also worth noting that asthenia on the one hand is a trigger for the development of many diseases, and on the other hand can be one of their manifestations. In particular, symptoms of asthenia are observed with craniocerebral traumas, degenerative and infectious processes in the brain, and circulatory disorders of the brain.

The basis for asthenia is nervous exhaustion, which can occur due to prolonged illness, severe anxiety and depression. Nutritional deficiencies, metabolic disorders and excessive energy expenditures are the trigger for the onset of pathology.

Classification of asthenia
According to the International Classification of Diseases, asthenia syndrome belongs to the class of neurotic diseases. In clinical practice, it is customary to distinguish the following variants of the disease:

Asthenia, which is considered a symptom of endocrine, somatic, mental, infectious and other diseases;
Asthenia caused by mental and physical overload, which is considered a secondary pathology, since you can get rid of it after eliminating its cause;
chronic fatigue syndrome, which is accompanied by weakness and frequent fatigue.
The classification of asthenia also distinguishes its following clinical forms: somatogenic (organic, secondary or symptomatic) and psychogenic (primary, functional or nuclear). Reactive and chronic forms of the disease are also distinguished.

In the majority of cases, the organic form of the disease is diagnosed after somatic and infectious diseases, degenerative changes that have occurred in the brain, as well as trauma. This type of disease develops in more than 45% of all cases.

Functional asthenia is a reversible condition that occurs as a protective reaction to depression, stress, and excessive physical or mental stress. The psychiatric form of functional asthenia results from insomnia, anxiety, or depression. The acute form is considered the result of stress and overwork at work. The chronic form of asthenia occurs as a result of sudden weight loss, in the postpartum period, after an infectious disease.