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Eggs, cholesterol from food

I am always perplexed when they say – “cholesterol is all from the liver, eat what you want”
Well, no!
There is indeed a synthesis of cholesterol in the liver, but at the same time there are very specific dietary recommendations for cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and / or high cholesterol.

In short, these are:
🥓 Reducing dietary intake of saturated fats (that’s cholesterol) and trans fats and
🥦 taking foods fortified with phytosterols (they are found in vegetables, fruits, nuts, grains and legumes)

• Ideally, dietary cholesterol intake should not exceed 300 mg / day.
• For high and very high risk patients, dietary cholesterol intake should be limited to less than 200 mg / day.
• The American guidelines (2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans) generally do not set a specific limit on dietary cholesterol intake: it is recommended to consume as little cholesterol as possible.

🥚 Let me remind you that there are 186 mg of cholesterol in one egg. Incidentally, there is a particularly fierce controversy about eggs.
Therefore, I will give new data (2019):

🔬Investigated nearly 30 thousand participants (USA) over 17.5 years
Most Americans eat just under 300 milligrams of cholesterol a day (more than most other countries).
🔺For each additional 300 mg of cholesterol daily, the risk of CVD increased by 17% and the risk of all-cause mortality increased by 18%.
🔺Eating 3-4 eggs per week was associated with a 6% increase in CVD and an 8% increase in all-cause mortality.
TOTAL: Higher intake of dietary cholesterol or eggs was significantly associated with a higher risk of CVD and all-cause mortality, depending on the amount.

☑️And I remind you that the Russian recommendations read:
Individuals with high cholesterol levels and / or cardiovascular diseases are advised to consume up to 2-3 eggs (egg yolks) per week.
It is important to remember that half of the Russian population has high cholesterol levels.

🍽Before you start cracking eggs, it is probably wise to think of them as a rich source of cholesterol.